Chamber Fill and
the major part of the construction was ended, the platform chamber was
still empty and lacking proper roofing. It is at this stage that the
hypothetical ceremony must have taken place.
a first stage, a large mass of sediment and stones were added into the
chamber. The sediment mass consists in light brown yellowish clayey
silts. The stones were often rounded pebbles and boulders of crystalline
rock found within the alluvial terrace mass underlying the site.
Numerous pottery vessels were also thrown into the chamber in this
process (Fig. 24), leaving a scatter
of fragments from which we can infer a few interesting points: (1) the
fragment scatter groups (Fig. 25) show an average
north-south direction so that we can infer that the pots were most
probably thrown into the chamber from the northern or southern sides of
the platform, (2) the fragments represent at least five complete
vessels, (3) not all vessels were thrown simultaneously into the
chamber, since varying masses of sediment separate the fragment groups (Fig. 26), and (4) the
pottery scatter is thicker toward the north and thinner toward the south
of the chamber (Fig. 26
and Fig. 27). From this
information, it is clear that the addition of the pots to the chamber
fill was not an act of ordered deposition, but a dynamic action in which
systematic breakage of the vessels was integrated to the ceremonials.
information about the type of vessels is described in the part devoted
to the archaeological material.
chamber fill also contained dispersed charcoal fragments in varying sizes.
Fifteen samples were collected from the chamber fill (Fig. 28). A few bovid skeletal
remains were also recovered: one vertebra, four long bone fragments, three
fragmented teeth partly attached to maxillary bone fragment) (Fig. 28). From the scatter, we
observe that charcoal and faunal remains are as dispersed within the
chamber as the numerous pottery fragments. We think that the faunal
remains come from one single animal, and could eventually represent
remainders of a ceremonial process, especially since all vessel fragments
were cooking pots with external carbonization traces. The charcoals are
lying in secondary position (not in combustion location). Their direct
correlation with cooking activities cannot be absolutely guaranteed,
although they are most probably linked directly to the building and/or
filling of the monument.
there are several indications of complex and dynamic processes involved in
the filling of the chamber, it is extremely difficult to infer the
complexity of the ceremonials that certainly took place around the
platform B3. We have to notice that our results are uniquely based on
observation of material remains, that there we could neither make use of
comparable data nor historical records. Hopefully, further archaeological
and historical work in Bhutan and adjoining regions will once enable
scholars to draw more conclusive traits of such ceremonials.